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Studies ACL: Anterior cruciate ligament
  • Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury/tear
  • ACL reconstruction surgery techniques
  • Torn /injured ACL treatment
  • Torn ACL recovery time
  • Why buy a KT 1000 arthrometer when you can get a GNRB? Did I tear my ACL? TOP 5 ACL diagnostic tests KT-1000 / KT-2000 / GNRB comparison Sports related to ACL Injuries ACL fast facts Arthrometers: Enhance knee injury treatment Knee Stability/Instability Diagnostic Device Knee physical exams
  • Pivot Shift Test - Knee Instability Evaluation
  • Lachman Test - ACL assessment
  • Anterior Drawer Test - ACL assessment
  • ACL Rehab: How are arthrometers crucial to recover from ACL Surgery? New arthrometer NEW GNRB / ROTAM Research Studies GNRB Knee Arthrometer: More than just objective results on the ACL... The Future of Treating ACL Tears: Arthrometers
    LDA®
    The LDA® Method - Objective knee joint laxity test
  • Lachman test (automated)
  • Anterior drawer / Tibial rotation test (automated)
  • Tibial rotational instability test (automated)
  • Posterior drawer test (automated)
  • Documentations What is Laximetry? Arthrometers adapted to your speciality
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    ABOUT US
    Now present in more than 30 countries...
  • Chirurgie orthopedique et traumatologie du sport in Paris - France
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  • ACL injury/tear assessment
  • ACL test - Medial rotation
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    LACHMAN TEST (AUTOMATED)

    Automated Lachman test for objective assessment of the ACL

    Nowadays, Genourob uses its LDA® Method in various ways by applying different types of movements on the knee but the initial movement on which this method was established was the Lachman test (also known as the anterior drawer test) destined to the analysis of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL).

    GNRB Video: Automated Lachman test

    GNRB - Automated arthrometer for ACL analysis

    • Perform an objective, precise and rigorous automated Lachman Test
    • Increase the accuracy and reproducibility of tests
    • Compare and document the results over time
    • Allow great patient/doctor communication
    • Move from manual test to an automated quality

    Dynamic tests for optimal results

    Running dynamic tests on the anterior cruciate ligament with devices such as the GNRB permits medical practitioners to evaluate the state of the ACL during the pre-surgery phase and also to do a follow-up of the ACL graft during post-surgery phase. The image showing Graph 1 and the Table Chart show the results obtained by the GNRB.

    Dynamic tests allow doctors to have two valuable parameters:

    - The tibia displacement differential (Δ134)

    - The slope of the compliance curves of each knee (ΔP2)

    The data collected by these two parameters are essential and make the GNRB unique of a kind as it is the only device currently present on the market that objectively evaluates knee stability.

    For each push, 50 values of tibia displacement are registered at a 0,1 of a mm. After each test, the data on the ACL is immediately saved on the computer that is provided with the GNRB arthrometers. Selection and comparison of specific results is possible and can easily be done.

    Calculation of displacement differential at 134N and slopes of the curves is automatically done.

    What is new compared to other arthrometers?

    As preoperatively than postoperative, the combination of two calculated differentials allows an accurate evaluation of the ligament function. Most of the devices that are nowadays used to analyze the state of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) do the tests while applying a single pressure force at 134N. These experiments are considered like static tests.

    The KT 1000 was used during a long time by doctors all over the world because it was one of the first devices allowing the analysis of the ACL with objective results. Its technology was based on the Anterior Drawer Test also known as the Lachman test.

    Then came the KT 2000 when computers started making their appearances in hospitals. The KT 2000 was indeed a simple replica of the KT 1000 but compared to its predecessor, exporting of the results on a computer was possible.

    Today, Genourob's products continue analyzing the ACL while applying anterior tibial translation but innovation is present in the way we gather results. All the tests done by our products are dynamic (different forces applied on the tibia) and this therefore enables to draw compliance curves (=opposite of the stiffness curves). Analysis consequently becomes more interesting because studying the slope of the compliance curves in addition to the displacement differential turn out to be possible ultimately leading medical practitioners in obtaining valuable information on knee stability and on the state of the ACL.

    KT1000/KT2000 and other devices present on the market nowadays were indeed only designed to study the tibia displacement at a certain force and this can in some cases be misleading be misleading (....).

    Simple ACL test

    1) Positioning of the patient: The patient's leg is placed on the GNRB and a knee-cup is placed over the patella of his knee. This cup is than tightened so that the patella is pushed against the femur therefore preventing them from any kind of movement. During the process, the foot is also locked in position so that the patient has no way of doing any vertical movement with his foot. A sensor is then placed on the anterior tibial tuberosity (ATT) to collect data on displacement of the tibia.

    2) Testing: a cup located under the calf starts applying controlled forces on the calf which creates a translation movement of the tibia, the anterior tibial translation. During this movement, the sensor located over the anterior tibial tuberosity (ATT) collects data on the displacement of the top of the tibia since the patella/femur and the foot are locked in position ultimately giving data on the state and performance of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) as it is put in stress.

    3) Data collection: The displacement data collected is immediately saved on the computer database and easily comprehensible through force/displacement curves also known as compliance curves (=opposite of stiffness curves).

    Therefore, overall check-up of the ACL state is easily and quickly done. Since the forces applied on the knee are controlled (forces applied between 100N and 200N), the tests can be done during the pre-surgery phase to diagnose the state of the anterior cruciate ligament and during the post-surgery phase to follow the state and performance of the ACL graft (very useful since rehab after ACL reconstruction surgery takes several months).

    Please find below a video showing how a test is done with the GNRB.

    As preoperatively than postoperative, the combination of two calculated differentials allows an accurate evaluation of the ligament function.

    GNRB - Patient Positioning Tutorial

    GNRB summary: simple quick and precise tests for ACL assessment

    GNRB Arthrometer using LDA® Method

    GNRB Arthrometer using LDA® Method

    1 - Fixation of ankle and thigh

    2 - Positioning of tibia displacement sensor

    3 – Automatic application of adapted forward push

    4 – Synthesis, comparison and immediate calculation of measurements of both knees by LDA® software.